In the old days cities had their own divine guardians enshrined in Chenghuang Miao or temples for city-gods. The City-God Temple in Zhengzhou is located on Shangcheng Road in the central part of the city. It dates back to the 16th century.
Zhengzhou is located in the heart of China, where the Yellow River and the Beijing-Guangzhou railway intersect. It is 722 km or 447mi south of Beijing and 1756 km or 1088 mi north of Guangzhou. The region around Zhengzhou has a long history that goes back thousands of years, where the capital of the Shang Dynasty was once located. The city itself, however, is relatively young, which has developed largely due to the increasing importance of railway transportation in the modern times. It was in 1954 that Zhengzhou became the capital of Henan Province and today plays an active role in the political, economic and cultural of the province and central China in general.
City-God Temple Zhengzhou
Dahecun Archeological Site
Civilization started early in the region around Zhengzhou. Dahecun, 10 km north of the city, is a site where remains of Yangshao Culture, Longshan Culture and Shang Dynasty have been unearthed. Yangshao Culture was a neolithic culture that originated in West China approximately 5,000 years before our times. Longshan Culture, another neolithic culture, was based in East China and was slightly later than Yangshao Culture. The Shang Dynasty ruled central China from 1,600 BC - 1046 BC. Over 3 hectares in area, the Dahecun Historical Site displays some excavated artifacts.
February 7 Strike Memorial Tower
The tower is shaped like a pagoda but it is not a Buddhist structure. The building was erected in remembrance of a major event in the history of Chinese labor and communist movement, the railway workers strike that took place in February 1923. The strike ended in bloodshed, with Chinese warlords' government killing over 40 labor leaders, but it set motion a revolutionary process that eventually brought the Chinese Communisty Party in China. The pagoda measures 63 m in height.
Henan Museum (Henan Bowuyuan) is the foremost museum in Henan Province, known especially for its archeological and historical collections. Notable artifacts include pottery of pre-historical Chinhe, ancient bronze vessels, jade sculaptures, as well as treasures of from later dynasties such as Ming and Qing.
Mangshan Yellow River Scenic Area
The Yellow River flows by 20 km north of Zhengzhou. Mangshan Yellow River Scenic Area (Mangshan Huanghe Fengjingqu) is located on southern bank of the river, named after a mountain nearby.
Shang Dynasty Sites in Zhengzhou
Back in the 1600s B.C. the Shang Dynsty then ruling central China built a city in what is Zhengzhou today. Archeological excavation reveals a city with a wall that is 7 km in length. In recent years various sites of the ancient structure have been unearthed and made accessible to the public, which together form the Shang Ruins Park in Zhengzhou. These sites are next to Zhengzhou Confucian Temple and Zhengzhou City God Temple.
Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport is 30 km southeast of the city center. Transportation: shuttle buses and taxis.