Xian

Xi'an is one of the most important historical cities in China. When the Qin Dynasty unified in 221 BC, its capital was located in the region. The famed underground army of terracotta warriors, which was part of the burial site for the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, was located 20 km east of Xi'an. Later, the great Han and Tang dynasties were also based here. During the Tang period (618-907), Chang'an, as the city was known then, was the largest city in the world, with a population over one million, which attracted visitors from around China and foreign countries, including those visitors who came along the Silk Road. With its rich historical and cultural heritage, Xi'an today is one of the prime travel destinations in China and also serves as the economic and political center of Northwest China.

Attractions

Map

  1. Banpo Museum

    The museum is located a short distance east of Xian, in Banpo Village, where remains of a prehistorical culture was excavated in the 1950s. On display are stone tools, pottery and other artifacts that date back to over 6,000 years ago.

  2. Drum Tower and Bell Tower in Xian

    Located at the center of Old Xian, the towers were built in the 14th century. The drum and bell installed in the towers were used to sound time to the residents of the city.

  3. Forest of Stelae

    A depository of stone stelae from ancient times. The historical museum was originally built in the 11th century and currently shelters over 2,000 stelae, some of them bearing the calligraphies of noted Chinese artists from centuries ago.

  4. Great Goose Pagoda

    Dayanta or Great Goose Pagoda is located in Cien Si (Temple of Motherly Love), a few kilometers southeast of old Xian. The tower and the temple were constructed in the 7th century by the emperors of the Tang Dynasty. It was done at the behest of Xuanzhuang, the famous monk who had traveled to India to bring back Buddhist sutras and then set out translating the scriptures into Chinese.

  5. Small Wild Goose Pogoda

    Build in the early 8th century, during the Tang Dynasty, the Small Wild Goose Pagoda (Xiaoyan Ta) is one of the oldest Buddhist structures in China. It is part of Jianfu Si (Temple of Dedicated Happiness), originally established honor a deceased emperor and to house Buddhist sutras introduced from India. The name "Small Wild Goose Pagoda" derived another famous pagoda that stands not faraway, Great Wild Goose Pagoda (Dayan Ta). Small Wild Goose Pagoda is 43 m in height.

  6. Terracotta Warriors

    This is the underground army or terracotta warriors (Qin Bing Ma Yong) that guards the mausoleum of the Qin Dynasty's First Emperor who, conquered and unified China in the 3rd century BC. Discovered and excavated in the 1970s, the soldiers, horses, and chariots, individually made and of real-life sizes, became a world-class historical site.

  7. Xian City-Wall

    Xian served as the capital of a number of imperial dynasties in China. Is is one of the few major cities that has kept its historical city-wall. The wall was constructed in the 14th century, about 14 km (8.6 ml) in length, which protected the ractangular-shaped old Xian. As such, the wall was the world's largest city-defense system in pre-modern times.

  8. Xian Great Mosque

    Located a few blocks northwest of the Drum Tower in the heart of Xi'an, the Great Mosque (Qingzhen Da Si) was originally established in the 8th century when Islam first arrived in China. The existing structures date back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Known also as Huajuexiang Great Mosque due to its location, the mosque remains an active worship center for Muslims in Xi'an today.

Airport

Xi’an Xianyang International Airport is 45 km northwest of central Xi‘an. Transportation:: shuttle buses and taxis.