On September 18, 1931, Japanese military destroyed a section of the Southern Manchurian Railway and used the incident as an excuse to invade and occupy the northeastern provinces of China. Known in the West as the Mukden Incident or Manchurian Incident, this event would eventually lead to the full-scale Sino-Japanese War that was part of WWII. The September 18 Memorial Museum stands where the incident originally took place, now in the northeastern part of Shenyang.
Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning Province. It is 720 km (446 mi) northeast of Beijing, 420 km (261 mi) northwest of Dalian, and 675 km (420 mi) southwest of Harbin. With a population of 8 million, Shenyang is one of the ten largest cities in China and the most important economic center of Northeast China. Six foreign countries - the United States, Russia, France, Japan, South Korea and North Korea have consulates general located in the city. Historically, Shenyang was the birthplace of China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing; it was from here that the Manchu moved south of the Great Wall and ruled China until 1911. An Manchu royal palace still stands in Shenyang, as several imperial mausoleums.
September 18 Memorial Museum
Shenyang Botanical Garden
Occupying 190 hectares (268 acres) of land, Shenyang Botanical Garden is located 10 km east of Shenyang. The garden features over 1,000 species of plants, divided into over a dozen specialty sections. The 2006 International Horticultural Exposition was held here. Shenyang Ocean World is 2 km east.
Shenyang Palace Museum
Before conquering China proper and founding the Beijing-based Qing Dynasty in the 17, the Manchu people had been based in Northeast China, an area also known as Manchuria. Here the Manchu created a strong kingdom, with its capital located in what is modern-day Shenyang. The Manchu Royal Palace, constructed in the early 17th century, occupies 60,000 square meters of land, with a total of 114 buildings. It is now Shenyang Palace Museum (Shengyang Gugong Bowuyuan).
Wulihe New City of Shenyang
Wulihe is a neighborhood in southern Shenyang, on the banks of the Hun River and near Wuai Overpass. This is a newly developed district of Shenyang, with many modern buildings that overlook the Hun River. Nearby are also cultural and sports facilities such as Shenyang Science Center (Shenyang Kexu Gong), Shenyang Music School (Shenyang Yinyue Xueyuan), Liaoning Arts School (Liaoning Yishu Xueyuan)，Shenyang City Library (Shenyang Shi Tushuguan), Shenyang Olympic Stadium, and Jiangnan Golf Club. Close by is San'ai Street, home of many high-tech companies.
Xita Korean Street
Xita is a neighborhood in central Shenyang where a large number of Korean minority people live. Xita Street (Xita Jie), the axis of the neighborhood, extends from Shifu Avenue in the south to Harbin Avenue in the north. Numerous restaurants, clubs and shops are located on the 700-meter long street, most of which have a Korean theme and operate well into the night.
Zhao Ling is the mausoleum for the founding emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Aisin Gioro Huangtaiji, posthumously known as Taizong. The emperor ruled over his Manchurian kingdom in the early 17th century and created the Qing Dynasty in 1636, which subsequently extended its control over the whole of China. The Zhao Mausoleum is located in the northern part of Shenyang (hence the name "Bei Ling" - "Northern Mausoleum"). Other Qing imperial mausoleums in Shenyang include Fu Ling (for Qing Taizu, Nurhaci) and Yong Ling (for Nurhaci's ancestors). In 2004, these Qing imperial tombs were designated World Cultural Heritage sites.
Shenyang Taoxian International Airport is 20 km south of the city. Transportation: shuttle buses and taxis.